• Some Biokineticists are qualified to use and apply kinesio tape.


    Below you can find some information about the uses and benefits of Kinesio-Taping if used as described on the “Kinesio taping Canada” website.

    What Does Kinesio Taping Do?

    Kinesio Taping gives support and stability to your joints and muscles without affecting circulation and range of motion.


    It is also used for Preventive Maintenance, Oedema, and Pain Management.

    Kinesio Taping is a technique based on the body's own natural healing process.


    This Kinesio Taping exhibits its efficacy through the activation of neurological and circulatory systems.


    This method basically stems from the science of Kinesiology, hence the name "Kinesio".


    Muscles are not only attributed to the movements of the body but also control the circulation of venous and lymph flows, body temperature, etc.


    Therefore, the failure of the muscles to function properly induces various kinds of symptoms.



    Consequently, so much attention was given to the importance of muscle function that the idea of treating the muscles in order to activate the body's own healing process came about.

    Using an elastic tape, it was discovered that muscles and other tissues could be helped by outside assistance.


    Employment of Kinesio Taping creates a totally new approach to treating nerves, muscles, and organs.


    The first application of Kinesio Taping was for a patient with articular disorders.


    For the first 10 years, orthopaedists, chiropractors, acupuncturists and other medical practitioners were the main users of Kinesio Taping.


    Soon thereafter, Kinesio Taping was used by the Japanese Olympic volleyball players and word quickly spread to other athletes. Today, Kinesio Taping is accepted by medical practitioners and athletes in Japan, United States, Europe, South America and other Asian and African counties.


    The Kinesio Taping Method is applied over muscles to reduce pain and inflammation, relax overused tired muscles, and to support muscles in movement on a 24hr/day basis.


    It is non-restrictive type of taping which allows for full range of motion.


    In contrast, traditional sports' taping is wrapped around a joint strictly for stabilization and support during a sporting event obstructing the flow of bodily fluids... an UNDESIRABLE side-effect.


    Kinesio Tape is used for anything from headaches to foot problems and everything in between.


    Examples include: muscular facilitation or inhibition in paediatric patients, carpal tunnel syndrome, lower back strain/pain (subluxations, herniated disc), knee conditions, shoulder conditions, hamstring, groin injury, rotator cuff injury, whiplash, tennis elbow, plantar fasciitis, patella tracking, pre and post surgical oedema, ankle sprains, athletic preventative injury method, and as a support method.

  • What the FMS does is measure fundamental movement patterns. These patterns form the basis of all our movement. Flaws in these patterns show restrictions: weaknesses that make us less free to move. These weaknesses mean that there is an inefficiency that could lead to injury.

    A focal point of Functional Muscle Testing is that significant limitations or right and left side imbalances exist in some individuals at very basic levels of movement. These limitations and imbalances should not be overlooked.

    The body should be free of restrictions and free of imbalances prior to training, conditioning, competition and fitness activities. The significant limitations in left-right imbalances drastically distort motor learning, movement perception, body awareness and mechanics. They rob the body of efficiency and are very often hidden by those individuals who learn to compensate and substitute with other movement patterns.

    In many situations, the body’s ability to move through its most basic and fundamental movements goes un-assessed.


    By looking at the movement patterns and not just one area, a weak link can be identified. This will enable the individual, strength and conditioning coach to focus on that area. If this weak link is not identified, the body will compensate, causing inefficient movements. It is this type of inefficiency that can cause a decrease in performance and an increase in injuries.


    The Functional Muscle Testing and training system attempts to pinpoint these weak links and alleviates them. This system is a process that identifies the weak link in the movement pattern and then assigns exercises to correct it. When this is accomplished, the individual or athlete will have greater movement efficiency and greater strength which will lead to improved performance and hopefully a decrease in injury potential.


    Rubber Band Conditioning and Rehabilitation

    This research summary justifies why I extensively use rubber bands to GREAT success in my practice.

    The question, “Which is better?” between elastic resistance and weight machines continues in clinics, gyms, and research labs. Thera-Band® elastic resistance is as effective at improving strength as expensive and bulky weight machines (Colado et al. 2008). Researchers in Denmark have shown that physical therapy exercises using isotonic (regular big equipment) and elastic resistance have similar biomechanical and EMG (muscle electrical) properties (Andersen et al. 2010). However, no researchers have compared the difference between elastic and isotonic resistance on muscle fatigue.




    Researchers in Italy examined the surface EMG activity of the biceps muscle in 14 healthy males performing a biceps curl with both isotonic weight and Thera-Band® elastic tubing. Their aim was to compare different manifestations of fatigue between elastic and isotonic resistance. They speculated that elastic resistance may cause more fatigue because of higher levels of recruitment due to a more symmetrical strength curve compared to isotonic resistance (Page & Labbe 2000).


    The researchers found no significant mechanical difference between elastic or isotonic resistance; they both resulted in the same level of strength output during the MVCs. However, the researchers did find that the elastic resistance exercise resulted in faster conduction velocity compared to the isotonic weight machine.

    Melchiorri and Rainoldi suggested that elastic resistance “seems to require a constant adaptation of the neuromuscular modulation of force in a more fine way with respect to the use of weights” particularly during eccentric contractions. Even though this study was performed on healthy individuals, the authors concluded that elastic resistance may be better than isotonic resistance “to increase the neuromuscular activation, for instance in specific rehabilitation settings where slow movements with minimal risk of injury are requested (post surgery, physical activity with elderly people, or children).”


    Compared to isotonic weight machines, Thera-Band elastic resistance may be preferred in a clinical setting to enhance the neuromuscular outcomes of rehabilitation.

    REFERENCE: Melchiorri G, Rainoldi A. 2011. Muscle fatigue induced by two different resistances: Elastic tubing versus weight machines. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. Dec;21(6):954-9.

  • Stretching is an activity that eludes most of us as.


    I often say to my Patients, “I you stretched as much as you brushed your teeth, I would be out of work”.


    When I ask my patients, “Have you stretched since I last saw you?” most sheepishly look away and mumble, “Nooo.”


    Stretching is something we all want to do and know it is good for us, yet somehow drop it from our daily routine.


    The problem with stretching.......BORING


    Active Isolated Stretching (AIS) is a technique that helps people maximize the effectiveness of stretching without causing the sort of discomfort AND takes a fraction of the time, with BETTER results.


    After a long hike, walk, or run, what are the problems that pop up and keep you from going out again? For most of us, it’s the same patterns: sore muscles, old injuries, and new injuries.


    These things make it hard to go out and have fun while training.


    If you could take a pill that would keep your muscles from being as sore, improve your ability to recover, and decrease the likeliness of injury…do you know what they’d call it? AIS.


    Whether you’re sedentary, an exercise enthusiast or a competitive athlete, Active Isolated Stretching can help you recover.